Current Situation of mHealth: Techniques, Gaps, and Barriers in Addressing Health Issues

By Aung Naing Oo and Nuntavarn Vichit-Vadakan

Mobile Health (mHealth), a part of e - health, has been widely defined as the provision of health services and information via mobile technologies such as mobile phones and personal digital assistants. With its rapid growth, the mobile technologies have become more accessible to people, (especially those residing in the developing world) than other infrastructures such as paved roads and electricity. Therefore, the use of mobile technology could be powerful in improving and strengthening health systems especially those in developing countries, as the mobile phone penetration is enormous. Since the potential of mHealth technologies includes the capability of serving the disadvantaged populations in remote and underdeveloped worlds where the health infrastructure and resources are limited, such potential should be identified and examined carefully to gain the maximum benefits in tackling global health concerns, namely reduction of disparities and protection against global threats that disregard national borders to reduce the overall disability - adjusted life years (DALYs) and improve quality - adjusted life years (QALYs).